What Are Google Core Web Vitals for SEO?

Digital Marketing
July 31, 2023
By Fahad Zahid

Google has consistently refined how it ranks web pages, and one of the most significant updates in recent years has been the introduction of Core Web Vitals. Initially rolled out in 2021, this update has now become a fundamental aspect of SEO.

Businesses that value SEO, online visibility, and brand awareness should learn more about it to revolutionise the way SEO is done.  

What are Google’s Core Web Vitals?

Core Web Vitals are a set of metrics that Google considers essential for delivering a superior user experience on a web page.

By incorporating these metrics as ranking signals, Google aims to reward websites that provide a seamless and engaging user experience, while those failing to meet these standards may see a decline in their rankings.  

How do Core Web Vitals Work?

While SEO appreciates original, unique, and appropriate content, Google will also play a role in evaluating your website's performance by analysing how well users can interact with your website. It makes use of metrics focused on users, created solely to measure your page’s level of user experience with regards to making the interaction seamless. In this way, Google focuses more on user experience as an SEO factor.  

Three Key Core Web Vitals

Google uses three key Core Web Vitals that it uses to determine the user experience score of a website. The advanced algorithm now analyses the smallest of details in websites' analysis, such as visual stability, the loading speed of the content, and the level of interactivity

First: Largest Contentful Paint (LCP) 

To explain this complicated Core Web Vital in simple terms, it refers to the average time it takes to load the content found on the main page. The main content includes text as well as media. Google employs LCP to analyse how fast the meaningful content on the main page loads. LCP also helps indicate the perceived or expected loading speed which means the time the main content takes to be visible.  

Why is LCP Important? 

You need an acceptable LCP score if you aim to provide the best user experience to your clients. The chances of the audience staying on your page is higher when the content loading time is less. From your own experience, how many times have you clicked on a website but ended up leaving just because the content was taking too much time to appear?

Second: First Input Delay (FID)

The second metric that Google uses is First Input Delay (FID). This measures the time between a user inputting a command or action and the page completing it. The first input includes clicking links, pressing keys or buttons. According to Google, the ideal FID score is 100 milliseconds, and a score of 300ms negatively impacts your SEO performance.  

How Can You Improve FID? 

You can improve FID by decreasing the potential impact of a third-party code. For example, have you noticed that a page loads much slowly after adding analytics software or A/B testing? To resolve problems like these, businesses try and break extensive java scripts into smaller ones and even compress CSS files. 

Third: Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS) 

The third and last Core Web Vital is Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS). The purpose of this metric is to measure the stability of your page while it loads. Have you ever noticed how links and images tend to shift down when a website is loading? This shows that it has a high CLS score, making the page elements visually unstable.

Why is Visual Stability Important? 

Visual stability has an integral role in enhancing a user’s experience and increases your website’s overall SEO performance. CLS also prevents users from making accidental clicks and end up getting frustrated when they’re shifted to a page that is the least of their concern.

Final Thoughts

The new Google algorithm is slowly adopting an approach that is more user-centric when it comes to ranking websites. As a result of Google’s Core Web Vitals, websites can perform better in terms of content loading time, visual stability, and first input delay.  If you need help with your website SEO, contact us today!

Interested in learning more techniques of ranking your website on google? Read our blogs on:

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the key components of Google Core Web Vitals?

The Core Web Vitals consist of three main components: Largest Contentful Paint (LCP), First Input Delay (FID), and Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS). LCP measures the load speed, FID assesses interactivity, and CLS gauges visual stability.

How do Google Core Web Vitals affect my website's SEO?

Core Web Vitals are part of Google's ranking algorithm. If your website does not meet the standards set for these metrics, it could negatively impact your website's visibility and ranking in search engine results.

How can I measure the Core Web Vitals for my website?

You can use a variety of tools provided by Google, such as Search Console, PageSpeed Insights, and Lighthouse to measure your website's Core Web Vitals. These tools provide detailed reports on how well your site is performing in terms of LCP, FID, and CLS.

How can I improve my website's Core Web Vitals?

Optimizing your website's performance can involve several strategies, such as optimising images, using browser caching, reducing server response times, and minimising CSS. The specific strategies will depend on your website's current performance in relation to LCP, FID, and CLS.

What are the recommended benchmarks for Core Web Vitals?

For a good user experience, Google suggests that websites should aim for an LCP of less than 2.5 seconds, an FID of less than 100 milliseconds, and a CLS score of less than 0.1.

How often should I check my website's Core Web Vitals?

While there's no hard and fast rule, it's generally a good idea to check your website's Core Web Vitals at least once a month. This allows you to promptly identify and address any issues that could potentially impact your site's SEO.

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Author Fahad Zahid
Co-Founder @ Social Gravity

As a passionate Digital Marketer & YouTuber, Fahad Zahid, co-founder of Social Gravity, is known for helping home service & construction companies shine on the web with Paid Advertisement & SEO.